city Virgilio wanted to found from the mythical Dardano
was probably one city fortified from the Umbri, passed then
to the Etruschi from the VIII century b.C and it became
an important Lucumonia. It received the roman citizenship
during the social war, and from that time we don't have
any sure news.
Cortona had one flourishing life in the communal period
and therefore under the lordship of the Ranieri Country
houses. Sold from the King of Naples to the Fiorentini in
1411, from then it followed the Granducato of Tuscany fates.
Constructed on a builtress of the mount S. Egidio, Cortona
is encircled from big walls, levigates from the centuries
and by the wind, in which the ancient doors open in correspondence
of the roads that go up from the plain. The visitor who
watches it round from the high of its walls will see one
of the widest and harmonious panoramas of Italy: the fertile
and immense Val di Chiana sluice to the horizon from the
mounts of Siena, between which they detach the Amiata and
the Cetona and even closer the great mirror of the Trasimeno
The tombes discovered
in the campaign below are numerous. Anyway the most famous
is the Tanella di Pitagora, the Melone di Camucia and the
Hard one. The reports conserved in the museum of the Etruscan
Academy in palazzo Casali , between which the famous Etruscan
chandelier of the V century b.C.. On the top of the hill
the fortress dominates. Under it the reconstructed Sanctuary
of Margherita Saint, from which they degrade the steep ways
to the stones of the city degrades.
Of great importance
is the civil architecture with many of the medioevali and
renaissances palaces. The numerous churches are splendid,
from that Roman-gotic of S. Agostino and S. Francesco, to
the Renaissance jewels of Santa Maria delle grazie( Calcinaio
)and of Santa Maria Nova, to the silent church of S. Niccolò.
Cortona was native land of the painters Luca Signorelli
and Pietro Berrettini, famous here like Pietro from Cortona.
Gino Severini was born in Cortona, too. Exceptional is the
pictorial patrimony of this city of art conserved in the
Diocesano museum between which stands the "Annunciazione
del Beato Angelico".
Others can be
admired in the Museum of the Etruscan Academy in Casali's
palace and in several churches. Famous between the students
of all the world is, finally, the Communal Library and of
the Etruscan, rich Academy of parchments, manuscripts, and
volumes to press. Situated in province of Arezzo, to 650
m. of height, Cortona is located just in the centre of Italy
and it is easy reachable by motorway A1(exit Val di Chiana),
and from the railway line Milan-Florence-Rome.